Fahrenheit Cologne

Eau de Cologne

The name refers to a fragrance originally created by Jean Marie Farina (1685-1766), or more generally refers to a category of perfumes containing 4 to 6% of aromatic essences.

Jean Marie Farina, Italian perfumer, settled in Cologne, Germany in the early eighteenth century when it began to produce a perfume base on bergamot oil which became world famous. To honor new residential city named Cologne the perfumer baptized his perfume Eau de Cologne.

It is no coincidence when an Italian chooses to give a French name to his perfume. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, French was the language of commerce at the European. The Original Eau de Cologne of Giovanni Maria Farina (1685-1766) became the favorite of several known characters in history such as King Louis XV and XVI as well as Napoleon. Today, original Eau de Cologne still is produced by the eighth generation descendant of Jean Marie Farina.

Cologne – The generic term

Hundred years after the creation of Eau de Cologne, the perfume lives in competition with an innumerable quantity of imitations. The legal proceedings lasted nearly eighty years and this had resulted in the generalization of the term cologne.

The name of an exclusive fragrance was so misused, until it becomes a generic term. The fact that false Eau de Cologne multiplied at an impressive speed had resulted in widespread confusion.

All these perfumes used the same name, but their odors radically differed from each other. Thus we no longer able to assign the name of Eau de Cologne exclusively to the perfume of Farina. And we have associated the term with any scent base on concentration. In perfumery, it is common now to distinguish between Eau de Perfume, Eau de Toilette and Eau de Cologne. These designations refer to their concentration of aromatic compounds in solvent:

Eau de Perfume: 12-20% of aromatic compounds
Eau de Toilette: 7-12% of aromatic compounds
Eau de Cologne: 4-6% of aromatic compounds